Polish mission completes 2007 excavations in western Cyprus
Nicosia, Nov 15 - A terracotta head of a woman in a calathus-like headdress with a veil and another with an Isiac crown were among the finds of a Polish Archaeological Museum mission, which completed the 2007 excavation season at the Western wing of the Villa of Theseus, the Hellenistic House and the Early Roman House as well as on the House of Aion in Paphos.
The Cyprus Department of Antiquities announced that in the 2007 season, excavations were not confined as usual to September, but started on the 26th of March and continued until the middle of October due to the requirements of the project to build a roof sheltering over a large part of the site.
The excavations related to the roofing project had a different aspect and mainly aimed at establishing the character of the remains in areas indicated by the project to a specified depth.
Among the areas excavated within the scope of the project, the most interesting scientifically were the northern part of the House of Aion, the south of the House of Aion, and an area between the Early Roman House and the Villa of Theseus.
In the Northern part of the House of Aion, where multi-phase constructions with a changing plan and function, ranging from the Late Hellenistic period to the Late Roman, all approximately on the same level, were uncovered. Two cisterns of early date which have been reused until at least the 4th century AD with a modified system of drains, and a series of rooms with successive phases and many floor levels were also uncovered.
In the South of the House of Aion, a large main drain of Hellenistic date was uncovered again. At some parts covering slabs were preserved in situ, while others were heavily damaged. The same main channel has been uncovered during earlier campaigns beyond and under the west wing of the Villa of Theseus as well as even west of the House of Orpheus. Its course in the east is not well ascertained. It seems possible that the drain turns at some point, perhaps to the north. At a later date, corresponding to the construction of the House of Aion, a clay pipe drain was laid in the higher surface of the street.
A blocked entrance to rooms further north and pillars made of large blocks, between which a large deposit of amphorae, glass vessels and lamps were found. Furthermore, fragments of marble sculptures, including a head of a goddess, numerous molded lamps, mainly of the 1st century AD, and a small fragment of a gold bead were uncovered.