Turkey Continues to Defy International Community
Since 1974, the UN has adopted numerous resolutions on Cyprus that call, inter alia, for the withdrawal of all foreign forces from the island, the return of the refugees to their homes in safety and respect for the sovereignty, independence, territorial integrity and unity of the Republic of Cyprus.
Despite these decisions of the international community, the Turkish side has recently moved away from the agreed basis of a bizonal, bicommmunal federation solution which was endorsed by the international community and has insisted for a confederation solution of two sovereign states. In addition, it further blocked the achievement of any progress by setting two new unacceptable preconditions, namely, prior recognition of the illegal entity set up in the occupied area and the withdrawal of Cyprus’ application for membership in the European Union.
The international community, including the US, has categorically rejected the confederation proposal and the other unacceptable preconditions of the Turkish side, which attempt to change the agreed parameters on which a solution is to be based.
The Security Council also clarified its position on the parameters of a settlement by reiterating its position that “a Cyprus settlement must be based on a State of Cyprus with a single sovereignty and international personality and a single citizenship, with its independence and territorial integrity safeguarded and comprising two politically equal communities as described in the relevant Security Council resolutions, in a bi-communal and bi-zonal federation and that such a settlement must exclude union in whole or in part with any other country or any form of partition or secession” ( UNSC resolution 1251)
The leaders of the G-8, have also dealt with the Cyprus issue in a substantive way and have urged the UN Secretary General (June 20, 1999) in accordance with the Security Council resolutions, to invite the leaders of the two sides to comprehensive negotiations without preconditions in the autumn of 1999. The UN Security Council in its resolution adopted on June 29, 1999 reiterated this appeal and requested the UN Secretary General to proceed accordingly (UNSC resolution 1250).
The Leaders of the G-8 also called upon the parties (July 21, 2000) to intensify the negotiations in an effort to strike the compromises needed to reach a just and lasting settlement that protects the fundamental interests of both parties in an undivided Cyprus giving full consideration to relevant Security Council Resolutions. They also expressed the hope that decisive progress will be made in the current round and in the months ahead.