Creation of the Force.
The United Nations Peace-keeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP), was established with the consent of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus on 27 March 1964. The creation of the Force was recommended by the Security Council of the United Nations in its resolution adopted on 4 March 1964 [186, (1964)] following the outbreak of the inter-communal conflict on the island and the threat of an imminent invasion by Turkey. By an exchange of letters dated 31 March 1964 between the Secretary General and the Foreign Minister of the Republic of Cyprus, an agreement was concluded concerning the status of the Force (Host Country Agreement).
The Force was initially stationed for three months, but later this was extended to six-month periods and renewed with the consent of the Government of the Republic of Cyprus. Thereafter the Force carries out the functions of peacekeeping, which is an essential component to the peace-making effort, entrusted to the UN Secretary-General.
According to the mandate of the Force, which is laid down in Security Council resolution 186 (1964) and subsequent resolutions of the Council concerning Cyprus, UNFICYP’s main functions in the interest of preserving international peace and security, can be summarized as follows:
- Preventing a recurrence of fighting - maintaining the cease fire. At the end of the 1974 invasion the mandate of the Force was adjusted to the new situation. The most significant change was the adoption of a new operation concept, that of the buffer zone, which was used to describe the area between the two cease-fire lines.
- Contributing to the maintenance and restoration of law and order as necessary.
- Contributing to a return to normal conditions.
- Humanitarian functions. (Taking measures for the relief and welfare of the refugees and giving assistance to the enclaved persons in the occupied areas).